Single Transferable+Approval Voting
Both electoral reform and House of Lords reform are clearly necessary the First Past the Post system and the unelected House of Lords are unacceptable to everyone aside from those who are not in the Tory party.
The British public has rejected Alternative Vote after a long fought campaign by the Tory party who also blocked House of Lords reform.
Firstly I propose that we use Approval Voting to vote MPs. Next we replace the House of Lords with a House of Senators, senators will be elected using STV in multiple seat constituencies formed by joining multiple parliamentary constituencies together. These elections take place on the same day.
This system will result in MPs with the most support winning and senators who are elected by proportional representation.
Below is an example of a completed ballot:
This is how the election system will work in practice:
- After the ballot is closed the amount of votes cast at each polling station is noted on the side of each ballot box.
- The ballot boxes are moved to the town hall to be counted.
- The amount of votes cast in each constituency is calculated by adding up all the votes noted on the side of each ballot box.
- The amount of votes for each candidate is carefully counted and carefully put into boxes and sealed.
- The winner of each Commons seat is declared by which candidate got the most votes. See note “T1” for how to resolve a tie (in the very unlikely event there is one).
- The votes are recounted to ensure that no ballot sheets have been added or taken out of the boxes. They are also added together to get the size of the electorate. If there is a mistake, the MP will be removed from his seat and a by-election will be triggered.
- After the votes are counted they are put into boxes depending on the first choice of the senate vote.
- Each box is moved from the parliamentary constituencies to the largest parliamentary constituency in the senate constituency.
- The quota is calculated using the Droop Quota:
- All the candidates who have fulfilled the quota will be elected as senators.
- The second choice votes are transferred from winners to hopefuls.
- Repeat 10-11 until there are enough winners.
- If there are still not enough winners, the losers are eliminated and their second choice votes are transferred to the other hopefuls.
- Repeat from 10 until all the seats are fulfilled.
- The senators are declared. See note “T2” for how to resolve a tie (in the very unlikely event there is one).
Note T1: In the very unlikely event there is a tie, the elected senators will vote who will be the MP on that constituency based on the First Past the Post system. If the senators reach yet another tie, the tie shall be resolved by a First Past the Post vote put to the constituents.
Note T2: In the very unlikely event there is a tie, the elected MPs will vote who will be the senator on that constituency based on the First Past the Post system. If the senators reach yet another tie, the tie shall be resolved by a First Past the Post vote put to the senate constituents.